Welcome to our complete guide to the Chihuahua Dachshund Mix, better known as the Chiweenie!
This adorable pup is as cute as the name suggests. But are they healthy? And do they make good pets?
Let’s find out!
Celebrities especially have done a fantastic job of publicizing the crossbred designer dog.
Not a day goes by that someone isn’t featured in a magazine or photo op with one of these precious portables tucked under a bejeweled arm or inside a luxury handbag.
But are they actually good and healthy pet dogs?
What Is a Chiweenie?
The Chiweenie is one of the latest designer dogs, the result of breeding a Chihuahua with a Dachshund.
As you might imagine, this delightful little Chihuahua Dachshund mix makes for one lively little animal.
The Chiweenie dog first arrived on the scene during the last century.
To be exact, breeders of the Dachshund Chihuahua mix began their work in the early 1990s.
The goal behind breeding a Chihuahua and Dachshund mix was to create a small, dynamic dog with an outgoing personality.
By all accounts, breeders of the Dachshund and Chihuahua mix have been highly successful in their efforts!
Within the last ten years, the Chiweenie has grown in popularity.
To the point that is has not just one but two hyper cute nicknames that suit it perfectly.
The Mexican Hotdog and the German Taco!
Are you considering bringing a spirited Chiweenie (also known as a Doxihuahua) into your home?
We’ve compiled some important Chiweenie facts and figures for you to consider as you make your decision.
As you read on you’ll find out more about the Chiweenie’s temperament, training requirements, and medical background.
But first let’s start with a look at where it all began.
The origins of the Chiweenie’s parent breeds, the Chihuahua and the Dachshund.
The Chihuahua’s history and origin is a bit obscure.
Although today, it’s assumed that the dog was discovered in Chihuahua, Mexico in the 1850s.
Mexican ancestral dogs of the Chihuahua are commonly believed to date back to the 1500s.
The American Kennel Club recognized the breed in 1904.
Today, the club ranks it as the 30th most popular dog.
Dachshunds originated in Germany over 300 years ago.
They are a strong hunting dog with their dimensions making them ideal for underground work.
Although, their legs have now been shorten to an extent that it can hamper their health.
The breed that is affectionately known as a weenie, wiener, or sausage dog due to its adorable tubular body, is today ranked by the AKC as the 13th most popular dog breed.
This breed comes in two sizes: Dachshund and Miniature Dachshund.
When you mix a Chihuahua and Dachshund together, you can get a dog that has any combination of their characteristics.
The Dachshund Chihuahua cross will inherit personality traits from both of its parents.
Thus. its temperament will be influenced by each parent’s disposition.
We can’t predict with certainty how a mixed breed dog like the Chiweenie will behave in its environment.
It will inherit a mixed bag of characteristics.
But we can find some clues about its nature by examining the temperament personalities of each parent.
The Chihuahua is a scrappy little dog, with a medium level of energy and a reputation for being vigilant and alert.
Dachshunds are brave and curious dogs who retain an instinct for hunting.
Both have been known to be a bit snappy if ill handled.
And they aren’t always ideal for young families.
Overall, most Chiweenie owners report that their fur babies are live wires.
Although the dog is small, he is not necessarily content to be a lap dog.
This is not surprising, given that the Chiweenie is a Chihuahua mixed with wiener dog genes!
When socialized early, this mighty mite of a dog can be good with children.
Although young kids may play too rough for the Chiweenie’s delicate body and structure.
Loyal and affectionate, the Chiweenie has the ability to bond with its special human.
Sometimes this gets to the point of becoming possessive of his owner’s time and attention.
Potential owners should take note:
A wiener dog and Chihuahua mix requires a patient but firm approach.
This Dachshund x Chihuahua canine is truly a party animal who thrives on being the center of attention!
While this may sound delightful to potential pet parents, such a strong personality is not easily turned off.
The Chiweenie will fit right into a household where he is the only dog and doesn’t have to compete with small children for your time.
Are you sure that you want a dog who’s raring to go 24/7?
If so, a Chihuahua and weenie dog mix could fit the bill personality-wise.
But proper socialization and training will be essential.
So what constitutes proper training? We’re glad you asked!
First off, punishment based training is not recommended as a modern training method.
In fact, it has the potential to mask concerning problems.
Supportive and positive training methods are the way to go when trying to get through to your four-legged friend.
Luckily, Chiweenies inherit at least an average level of intelligence that will help them to learn new concepts and remember commands.
That said, Dachshunds are considered a bit easier to train than Chihuahuas.
Chis are excellent candidates for doggy obedience school!
Early socialization is important for all dogs.
Although your pup will come with a predetermined bundle of genetic material, each dog is an individual.
How you raise and socialize your dog will have an impact on his personality and ability to behave appropriately.
Make sure you have plenty of visitors and take your little friend to lots of places.
It cannot be stressed enough:
Providing your dog with appropriate and consistent training is key to helping him to meet your expectations.
And thus ensuring a harmonious and lasting relationship.
Will your little fur baby look more like a Mexican Hotdog or a German Taco? That is the million dollar question!
What we know for certain is that your Chiweenie will inherit its good looks from its attractive, small-bodied parents.
But because it is a mixed breed, it is impossible to predict in what combination these qualities will be expressed.
Your next BFF may strongly resemble either parent in the looks department.
Or she could be a unique cover girl with her own distinct look.
Let’s take a look at the outward appearances of the Chiweenie’s parents in order to get a glimpse into how they may appear.
Chihuahuas come in a range of hues from white to black and from sable to tan.
They also come in a variety of patterns.
Dachshund coat colors include red, tan, and black.
Patterns include dappled, solid, and white-marked.
Accordingly, you can expect a Chiweenie cross Dachshund breed to sport a short or long haired coat in shades that include brown, black, cream, and gold.
Long Haired Chiweenie
The Chihuahua Dachshund breed can inherit either long or short hair depending on which parent’s gene is “switched on.”
Dachshunds have three hair types: short, long, and wire. The Chihuahua breed displays two distinct coat styles: a short and a long fur type.
If your Chiweenie inherits a Chihuahua parent’s long hair type, the fur will feel smooth to the touch and consist of soft, fine hair.
They may also inherit the long haired Chihuahua’s feathery ear and leg hair as well.
Chihuahua and Dachshunds are low to moderate shedders.
Whichever fur type your four-legged friend inherits, grooming will not take up an inordinate amount of your time.
For example, daily brushing is not necessary if your dog has a short coat.
But if your dog likes the attention and closeness, daily grooming time can be a nice bonding experience.
If your pooch has a long coat, daily brushing is a good idea to keep mats to a minimum.
Chiweenie Full Grown
What will your Chiweenie look like as an adult?
Both the Chihuahua and Dachshund are pure breeds, with the former being a toy dog and the latter a medium (sometimes a miniature) size breed.
Your Chiweenie will inherit the body characteristics of each parent.
This means that your little one may more closely resemble a Chihuahua, a Dachshund, or a glorious mashup of both body types.
Because she is a crossbreed, no one can predict the potential look of a Chiweenie.
Even littermates can look markedly different from one another.
But the good news is that we can make some educated guesses about your fur baby’s appearance by taking a look at its parents.
Each of these parent breeds reaches an average of 9 inches in height, with Chiweenies expected to fall somewhere between 8 to 10 inches in height.
Your fur baby will weigh between 8 to 12 pounds and likely have a long body supported by short legs, like his Dachshund parent.
The ears on a Chiweenie are a toss-up.
They’ll either resemble the Chihuahua’s pointy ears or the Dachshund’s floppy ears.
Finally, the Chiweenie tail is neither too long nor too short for its body.
As such, it is well proportioned to the rest of the dog.
The average Chihuahua weighs 6 pounds, while a Dachshund can reach a whopping 30 pounds.
What does this mean for the Chiweenie’s body mass?
You can reasonably expect your Chiweenie fur baby to weigh in somewhere in the 8 to 12 pound range.
Chiweenies are vulnerable to the same health issues as their parents.
And sadly, their parents both have some serious potential issues to contend with.
Chihuahua Health Problems
Unfortunately, the Chihuahua has several health issues worth noting.
Luxating patella (the knee cap slipping out of place) is not specific to the Chihuahua breed.
However, it is common in this tiny dog.
Chihuahuas are also at higher risk of collapsed trachea and hydrocephalus (accumulated fluid on the brain) than other breeds.
It should be noted that overfeeding can contribute to some of the Chihuahua’s health issues (not to mention obesity!) such as the tracheal and joint issues mentioned above.
Other health concerns include heart-related issues such as pulmonic stenosis and troublesome murmurs.
They are also prone to eye issues.
Because the Chihuahua’s large eyes protrude, they are vulnerable to eye injury or infection.
Hypoglycemia can be an issue, especially with puppies.
And dental health is also a concern due to their relatively small mouth structures.
Dachshund Health Problems
Because of their elongated body structure, Dachshunds are at risk for intervertebral degenerative disc disease, a condition of the back and neck.
In this case, back cartilage breaks down starting at around 6 years of age.
Although it is possible to see the disease in very young adults.
Dachshunds should be picked up with two hands to support their back.
Jumping should be discouraged due to the risk of injury.
In addition, blindness and Lafora’s disease (a form of epilepsy) are other vulnerabilities.
Chiweenie Health Problems
The health of your Chiweenie will be related to the health of their parents.
You can reduce the chances of them having some of these issues through DNA tests, X-rays, and eye tests from the parents.
In the case of a Chiweenie, make sure that the Chihuahua parent has no family history of tracheal collapse.
And you should get a note from the vet confirming they have good teeth and clear eyes.
The Dachshund parent should have the longest possible legs for the breed, a clear eye test, and spinal X-rays that show no signs of IVDD.
A responsible breeder will have, and share, the health information for your puppy’s parents.
Use this information to make an informed choice prior to making a commitment to care for your dog now and in the future.
As with every other trait, the Chiweenie inherits his parents’ longevity genes.
Chihuahuas live, on average, approximately 16 years, while Dachshunds average 13 years.
In general you can expect to enjoy your little Chiweenie for around 13–16 years, providing his health remains good.
Regular exercise is linked to good health and quality of life.
Chiweenies like to run and play, but moderate exercise is all that’s needed to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Responsible breeders will have the health certificates of your dog’s parents.
You should definitely look them over prior to making a commitment.
Make sure you meet both parents.
They both should be friendly and accepting of strangers.
Pick a Dachshund parent with longer legs, ideally a wire haired or long haired variety, as they are less likely to develop IVDD.
Also find out why they are being bred.
The parents should be loved pets or show dogs and not just exist to produce puppies.
They should know their owners and their own name, live indoors, and have a good quality of life.
Purebred dogs have a mostly uniform look, but the same cannot be said for crossbreeds.
The result of a Chihuahua and weenie dog mix can be any number of amazing amalgamations.
Ear shape, coat quality, and even overall size are all characteristics that are up for grabs when a Dachshund and a Chihuahua create a litter of pups.
Even within the same litter, individual Chiweenie pups may look vastly different to the rest of the siblings.
Chiweenies are cute as can be, but they are extremely playful animals.
Some have been known to show a possessive streak toward their favorite human.
Puppy escapades are a given with any breed.
But the Chihuahua weenie dog has a buoyant personality that requires positive, loving, and consistent training in order for him to reach his full potential!
For this reason, Chiweenie puppies are not recommended for first time dog owners.
Or for a household where they will have to compete for time and attention.
Is a Chiweenie Right for Me?
A Chiweenie will be a mixed bag of traits and characteristics inherited from her Chihuahua and Dachshund parents.
But most likely, she will be an animated and constant companion.
It is important to inquire about a Chiweenie’s health prior to making a commitment.
Learn about the potential medical conditions that he may inherit from either purebred parent.
Whether combining the Dachshund’s back problems with their Chihuahua’s health issues will create a healthier version, we just don’t know.
But it’s possible the pup could suffer in both ways or not at all.
With the uncertainly surrounding their health, you might like to consider another small breed or mixed breed dog with a big personality.
There are some alternatives where you can be more confident of the health or temperament, including:
- Coates, J.R., Intervertebral Disk Disease, Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice, 2000
- Downs, L.M., Genetic screening for PRA-associated mutations in multiple dog breeds shows that PRA is heterogeneous within and between breeds, Veterinary Ophthalmology, 2014
- Duval, J., et al, Spinal Cord Swelling as a Myelographic Indicator of Prognosis: A Retrospective Study in Dogs With Intervertebral Disc Disease and Loss of Deep Pain Perception, Veterinary Surgery, 1996
- Higgins,R.J., et al, Necrotizing Meningoencephalitis in Five Chihuahua Dogs, Veterinary Pathology, 2008
- Dachshund Guide
- Chihuahua Guide
- Dog Bites And Breeds