Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli?

can guinea pigs eat broccoli

Can guinea pigs eat broccoli? Broccoli is generally safe and healthy for guinea pigs. It provides them with vitamin C, which is an essential part of their diet since they cannot produce their own.

Raw, washed broccoli is the best form to give your cavy. The cooking process will remove many important and beneficial nutrients.

So, can guinea pigs have broccoli? Yes, but be mindful of how you prepare this snack for your pet. You should vary broccoli with other nutrient rich veggies as a treat for your piggy.

Is Broccoli Safe For Guinea Pigs?

When it comes to guinea pigs, the focus is largely on food pellets. Other food sources are considered additional, not equally offered sustenance.

As the American Animal Hospital Association puts it, guinea pigs “should be fed a complete, pelleted diet made especially for guinea pigs that contains at least 16% crude protein”.

Beyond that, suggestions lean towards providing small amounts of grass hay and sources of vitamin C.

Today, veterinary experts agree that a guinea pig’s diet should have healthy vegetables to supplement the standard food pellet staple. However, some vegetables are more useful than others, and some shouldn’t be considered at all!

It turns out broccoli falls on the safe side of this line. Broccoli is one of the best vegetable supplements to provide an important boost of Vitamin C for a guinea pig’s diet.

And while the idea of eating raw broccoli is less than popular among humans, guinea pigs will gladly eat this vegetable as a tasty snack. Let’s look at broccoli for guinea pigs in more detail.

broccoli for guinea pigs

Guinea Pigs and Broccoli

Guinea pigs are herbivores. In the wild, and in domesticity, they get all of the nutrients they need from plants.

Not all veggies are made equal. Just as different fruits vary significantly in terms of sugar content, fiber and general health benefits, so do vegetables.

Let’s get technical for a moment. Broccoli is considered “cruciferous” vegetable, grouped alongside veggies such as cabbage, cauliflower, kale, turnips, and more.

Among this group, broccoli is especially qualified to aid your guinea pig’s health.

In relation to other veggies, broccoli comes out on top with its high levels of calcium and iron, among other nutrients.

It has high amounts of vitamins B5, A, and C. That’s a pretty ringing endorsement.

Why Do Guinea Pigs Like Broccoli?

So we now know the answer to: can guinea pigs have broccoli? But, why do they like this veggie so much?

Guinea pigs need fibrous foods to wear down their ever-growing teeth. Broccoli is a fiber-rich option that guinea pigs will be attracted to.

Not only do they enjoy it for its nutrient rich composition, but also for the added benefit of dental health.

If guinea pigs don’t get enough fiber-rich plant matter, like fresh hay and a supplement of veggies, their teeth can become overgrown and lead to a number of painful problems.

can guinea pigs eat broccoli

Is Broccoli Bad For Guinea Pigs?

Can guinea pigs have broccoli safely all the time or are there times when this food is dangerous?

There are many vegetables suggested as dietary supplements, and they should be just that: supplements. In fact, any food other than food pellets should keep below a cap of 10% of their full diet.

Broccoli for guinea pigs is not a bad supplement. But, offering your guinea pig too much broccoli can lead to them leaving their less interesting pellets, and developing nutritional deficiencies.

On top of this, cooking broccoli can cause a loss of important nutrients, making the veggie less beneficial for our cavies.

Always wash broccoli before offering it to your pet. Whilst the vegetable itself is safe, the chemicals and pesticides used when growing it are not.

Potential Gas and Introducing Broccoli

One possible issue for excess leafy greens is the potential to cause gas in your guinea pig.

Here’s one final caution before jumping into a broccoli-enhanced diet. If your guinea pig is not already accustomed to eating broccoli, you need to be careful about not giving too much too fast.

Any diet should be modified slowly so as not to put your piggy off.

This quirk in guinea pigs’ general personality might make it difficult to add broccoli to your pet’s diet.

But, if you can pull it off, there is no doubt your pet will be both healthier and happier with the addition of broccoli.

can guinea pigs eat broccoli

Is Broccoli Good For Guinea Pigs?

Vegetables are highly recommended as dietary supplements for guinea pigs. Along with their many health benefits, they are also good replacements for tempting, but very unhealthy, “commercial” guinea pig treats.

Many treats advertised for guinea pigs are problematic, due to the levels of artificial sweeteners. Additionally, guinea pigs will be perfectly happy with vegetables as a treat.

Broccoli is one of many options to provide extra vitamin C for guinea pigs. Vitamin C is a hot-button issue for the little critters.

The guinea pig’s chemistry makes it especially vulnerable to vitamin C deficiency; and vitamin C facilitates metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids, and cholesterol.

Guinea pigs are unable to produce their own vitamin C, like many other small pets can. So, they must receive supplements for this nutrient. Broccoli is one of the best and most popular options for this, along with pellets or other veggies.

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli Stems?

Can guinea pigs eat broccoli stems safely or can this part of the veggie cause problems?

When we cook our broccoli we tend to eat the leaves in preference to the stems. Although the stems are still perfectly edible.

Guinea pigs can eat the whole broccoli plant perfectly safely. In fact, this harder part of the plant is great for grinding down those teeth!

Which is great news if you want to give them the raw off cuts before you cook some up for your own dinner.

Can Guinea Pigs Have Raw Broccoli?

Can guinea pigs have broccoli if it is raw, or only cooked?

When it comes to preparing broccoli for your guinea pig, it is important to stick to raw, not cooked broccoli.

The cooking process removes the goodness from the vegetable, so leave it raw for your piggies.

Experts recommend you wash broccoli and similar veggies before turning them over to your hungry guinea pig, to avoid exposing your guinea pig to possible bacteria and other health dangers.

Broccoli for guinea pigs is best fresh, fresh, fresh!

can guinea pigs eat broccoli

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Tenderstem Broccoli?

Cavies can eat normal broccoli safely, but can guinea pigs eat tenderstem broccoli?

This veggie is actually a hybrid between broccoli and chinese kale. Both of which are safe for your cavy.

Tenderstem broccoli is quickly gaining popularity thanks to its thinner, more tender stems that people enjoy eating. This variety takes less time to cook than standard broccoli, with its tougher, thicker stem.

Tenderstem broccoli is still safe for guinea pigs to eat. However, the same rules as normal broccoli should apply.

Wash this veggie before giving it as a snack, and don’t cook it for your cavy. This will only reduce the nutrient content.

And, don’t use this food as a replacement for their regular pellets. Only offer it as a supplement.

Can Broccoli Treat Vitamin C Deficiency In Guinea Pigs?

Giving your guinea pig broccoli can help ensure they are getting enough Vitamin C. Cavies need 10mg of Vitamin C every day.

This can be found in most pellets, but can also be consumed through healthy and nutritious veggies like broccoli.

Signs of Vitamin C deficiency include poor appetite, lethargy, difficulty moving, and more. Speak to your vet if you are worried that your guinea pig is not getting enough Vitamin C, or is suffering from a deficiency.

They may need to take more immediate action to help your pet, and can help you plan a healthier, more balanced diet for your piggy.

Can Baby Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli?

Newborn guinea pigs can eat solid and semi-solid foods almost straight away. They will usually be guided by their mother.

However, most people will bring home guinea pigs after they are at least 6 weeks old. By this stage it is definitely safe to introduce small amounts of broccoli to your cavy.

Introducing a food earlier in life makes it more likely that they will enjoy eating it later on.

But, only ever offer small amounts at first. And remember that broccoli cannot be a substitute for pellets and a balanced diet.

Whilst this veggie can offer important nutrients, it will not offer everything that young growing guinea pigs need.

Can Guinea Pigs Have Broccoli Every Day?

So we know the answer to ‘can guinea pigs eat broccoli’ is yes. But can they do so every day? Also, yes!

Just remember that broccoli is a supplement to a healthy guinea pig diet, not a food staple.

A tablespoon a day each will suffice.

And this leafy green shouldn’t exceed ten percent of their daily rations. If it’s the first time your guinea pig is eating broccoli, only offer a very small amount.

Guinea Pig Broccoli Treats

Here are some great ways to prepare your guinea pig broccoli treats.

  • Whole florets with their pellets
  • Chopped up chunks of broccoli stem
  • One tenderstem broccoli stick

Remember to wash broccoli, and not to cook it before giving it to your guinea pig.

Alternatives to Broccoli for Guinea Pigs

There are plenty of healthy treats that you can add to your guinea pig’s diet for extra variety. Here are a few options to try:

Can Guinea Pigs Eat Broccoli? A Summary

Broccoli is a safe veggie for guinea pigs. Feed this treat washed and raw, and only as a supplement to their diet.

Have you given broccoli to your guinea pig? You can let us know about your experiences with guinea pigs and broccoli in the comments below!

References and Further Reading

  • Axelson, R. ‘Guinea Pigs—Feeding’, VCA Hospitals (2008)
  • Fraser, A. ‘Pocket Nutrition Guide to Fruit & Vegetables’, (2014)
  • Guinea Pig Care’, The American Animal Hospital Association
  • ‘Guinea Pig Feeding’, The Humane Society of the United States
  • Judah, V. & Nuttall, K. ‘Exotic Animal Care and Management’, Cengage Learning (2017)
  • Vanderlip, S. ‘The Guinea Pig Handbook’, Barron’s Educational Series (2013)
  • Witkowska, A. (et al), ‘The Effects of Diet on Anatomy, Physiology and Health in the Guinea Pig’, Journal of Animal Health and Behavioral Science (2017)
  • National Research Council (US) Subcommittee on Laboratory Animal Nutrition, ‘Nutrient Requirements of the Guinea Pig’, Nutrient Requirements of Laboratory Animals (1995)


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